5 Strategies for Competency-Based Education
What would it look like for student learning to drive high school? That’s the idea behind…
What would it look like for student learning to drive high school? That’s the idea behind competency-based education (CBE), a way of teaching that prioritizes mastery of material over seat-time. CBE isn’t a new idea, but when the pandemic hit and traditional school structures faltered, CBE became relevant in a whole new way. Now, students are back in their seats—but that doesn’t mean we have to go back to the old way of doing things.
Competency-based education is a broad term, so what are the key takeaways for teachers this year as you build a “new normal” in your classroom?
Why It Matters: CBE is a learning system that prioritizes mastery of material over time spent in class. Students progress by showing mastery of core competencies, including knowledge, skills, and dispositions that empower students. At its core, CBE is personal, flexible, and rooted in equity—exactly what many students needed during the disruption of the pandemic. This year, continue to emphasize competency by:
As the pandemic ushers in new debates about the role of test scores, now is the perfect time to rethink how assessments measure student learning.
Why It Matters: As part of their CBE programs, many schools have replaced traditional grades with mastery-based transcripts. Instead of letter grades, these transcripts measure proficiency in competencies to show what students have actually learned. Adapt mastery-based principles to work with your grading system by:
Extra Credit: Allowing Test Retakes—Without Getting Gamed
Knowing how to meet the wide range of needs in your classroom can be a huge challenge. Competency-based education offers a holistic, asset-based approach.
Why It Matters: CBE begins from a place of recognizing individual student strengths and areas for growth, and builds from there at a pace that works for the student. For students who are underserved or marginalized by traditional models of schooling, this approach can be transformative. Consider how your curriculum:
Extra Credit: How Our District Reimagined Special Education (Opinion)
With K-12 federal COVID-19 relief funds, schools are in a unique position to invest in high school transformation with personalized student needs at the center.
Why It Matters: Competency-based education works best at a whole-school level. It’s a big transition—but the impact on students is worth it. We took a look at XQ schools that have successfully implemented CBE practices and highlighted key areas for investment, including:
Competency-based education meets real-world problem solving at Purdue Polytechnic High School, where students demonstrate mastery of material through projects in their community.
Why It Matters: There’s no more satisfying way to demonstrate learning than to solve a real-world problem. At competency-based schools like Purdue Polytechnic, students develop passion projects around issues in their community that matter to them, mastering academic and “real-world” skills at the same time. Consider how you can involve your community in classroom projects, and maximize impact by:
Extra Credit: Learning more outside of the classroom than in